At Royal Oak Optical in Calgary, one of the most common refractive errors we diagnose with our latest technology and treat with our exceptional optometry services is hyperopia. This vision error is known as farsightedness and affects about a fourth of the US population. Take a look at the information below to understand more about hyperopia.
What Causes It, And What Are the Symptoms?
People with hyperopia cannot perceive objects at a close range but can view objects at a distance. The cause for this condition is mainly due to how light refracts in the eye. For us to see someone, a place, or an object, light must be bent by the eye's lens, cornea, and tear film so that it is focused on the light-sensitive cells in the back of the eye called the retina. The purpose of the retina is to transmit the images to the optic nerve and the brain. With hyperopia, the eye is abnormal, and light gets refracted way beyond what is intended to be, therefore, making near objects blurry.
Besides not being able to see close-up things, symptoms of farsightedness also include headaches, squinting, fatigue, and eye strain.
Treatment of Hyperopia
Fortunately, hyperopia can be corrected with optometry lenses. Eyeglasses and contact lenses are medical devices that allow light to bend slightly as it enters the eye, focusing correctly on the retina. Another treatment for farsightedness is laser surgery like LASIK. This procedure eliminates the need to wear traditional lenses and significantly improves vision. However, LASIK is an outpatient procedure, and you need to be a good candidate to have it.
Dr. Bina Lila of Royal Oak Optical in Calgary is no stranger to treating blepharitis, a condition of irritated eyelids, burning eyes, watery eyes, sensitivity to light and pain. Over 85 percent of people who have dry eye disease also have blepharitis, and there are few conditions in the world more conducive to dry eye disease than winter weather in Alberta.
What are the symptoms of blepharitis?
Blepharitis is not a condition that can be easily ignored. People who have blepharitis generally have red, swollen, irritated eyelids. They may develop flaky crusts on the edges of their eyelids. Their eyelashes may fall out. There will be burning, watering, and a sensation of having grit or sand or some other foreign object in the eye. The eyes may be painful, and the ability to focus may come and go. Many people who have blepharitis develop a form of acne known as rosacea, triggered by coming in from the cold, consuming hot beverages or alcohol, and eating spicy food. These activities aggravate eyelid irritation, but they also make tiny pimples break out across the nose and cheeks.
The worst symptoms of blepharitis may come and go, but this is not a disease that normally goes away on its own. Instead, irritation may be followed by infection that persists without careful attention to cleanliness and antibiotic treatment. It is important to get the symptoms of blepharitis checked out by a professional because the underlying cause of blepharitis sometimes is lupus.
What can I do about blepharitis?
There are three basic steps to treating this condition of irritated eyelids. The first two are things that anyone can do at home with a little instruction. The third requires a doctor's care.
1. Apply gentle warm heat to increase the flow of tears to cleanse the eyes. The eye's natural lubricant is fatty acids. These healthy fats melt at body temperature but freeze at room temperature. A washcloth soaked in warm water, gauze pads soaked in warm water, or soaked washcloths warmed for 30 seconds in the microwave can be used melt these natural lubricants and soothe the eye, but it is critical not to apply excessive heat to the eye.
2. Wash the eye to remove crusts, mucus, and bacteria. Do not use tap water. Use sterile, distilled water to rinse the outer eyelids.
3. Apply prescription antibiotics to prevent infection. You will need your doctor's guidance to choose the right antibiotic used for the right number of days or weeks.
Diabetic Retinopathy is a disease that causes damage to the eyes causing blurred vision, fluctuating vision, loss of color, dark or empty areas. When left untreated it can cause high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, and vision loss. It involves growth of blood vessels on the clear jelly in the center of the eye. This over time causes scar tissue, retinal detachment, glaucoma, and blindness. At Royal Oak Optical in Calgary, we will give you an eye exam to test your sight, eye pressure test, dilate the pupils, and run tests to take picture of the inner eye. After the results the doctor will determine the best treatment for your diabetic retinopathy.
When there is little damage, the eye doctor will work with you to monitor your diet and vision. The doctor understands the importance of diet and will discuss what you need to eat to control your blood sugar. The doctor will recommend a nutritionist to help design a heathy meal plan to follow. This includes low carbs, fresh fruits and vegetables, lean meats, chicken, and seafood, complex carbs, and good fats. They may suggest exercise and diet to help improve symptoms.
Treatments for more serious retinopathy are laser treatment known as focal laser treatment. It stops or controls leakage of fluid and blood into the eye. It is an outpatient procedure performed in the doctor's office. Often one treatment is needed to help with the disease. Scatter laser treatment shrinks abnormal blood vessels. It causes these abnormal blood vessels to shrink and scar. This is another in patient treatment that often requires a few sessions. It causes blurry vision sometimes the day after the procedure
Another procedure for treating diabetic retinopathy is injecting medication into the eye to stop the growth of blood vessels. These medications stop the growth of blood vessels by blocking the growth signals. There are several medications used for this treatment. Steroids are sometimes used to reduce swelling and are injected into the eyes.
Surgeries and Making An Appointment
Retinal detachment is treated by cryptography or laser. An air bubble is injected into the eye seals and heals the retina preventing further fluid from collecting. The gas is replaced in several weeks with fluids. Other surgeries performed are sclera buckle surgery and vitrectomy surgery. Each surgery is designed to heal a certain part of the damaged eye from diabetes. Call us at Royal Oak Optical in Calgary to make an appointment and to learn more about diabetic retinopathy and what treatment is best for you by calling (403) 218-2020. When we cannot perform the surgery, we will recommend a qualified surgeon.
Your vision is extremely important to you. When you begin to notice abnormalities, your first thought may be to visit an eye doctor to find out what is causing your issues. When you visit Royal Oak Optical in Calgary, your optometrist will perform a thorough eye exam to identify any potential causes for the symptoms you are experiencing. If keratoconus is suspected, there are diagnostic procedures that can identify the characteristics and treatment options that can reduce the symptoms.
What Is Keratoconus?
Keratoconus affects the clear covering of the eye known as the cornea. When the cornea becomes thin, it will eventually bulge outward, creating a cone shape. The cornea's function is to control and focus on how light enters the eye. If it bulges outwards, light cannot refract as it should, thus, causing vision to be distorted or blurry. One of the first signs of keratoconus is the inability to read or perform normal tasks that require accurate vision.
Symptoms and Causes
The changing of the shape of the cornea can be gradual that you may not notice any vision impairment at first or it can be sudden. As keratoconus advances, you may experience the following symptoms:
- Clouding vision
- Glare or light sensitivity
- Difficulties driving at night
- Constant changes of prescription eyewear
- Distorted vision
How is Keratoconus Treated?
There are a few treatment options that can be used to treat keratoconus. Your optometrist may prescribe corrective eyewear to correct the condition if it is mild or moderate. Another option is intacs. Intacs is a small device with a slight curve that is attached to your cornea to reduce the abnormal shape. Collagen cross-linking is a procedure that uses eye drops and a UV light to strengthen the tissues within the cornea to reduce the curvature. Another effective treatment is having a cornea transplant. By removing the damaged cornea and replacing it with a healthy one, your vision can improve.
If you or a loved one has serious difficulties seeing clearly, you’re not alone. At Royal Oak Optical in Calgary, we can diagnose this condition and help you get the assistance you need to make life a little easier. We care for your eyesight and want to help you see as well as possible, whatever condition you may have.
What Does Having Low Vision Mean?
Low vision is more than just having blurry vision. This condition is when even using vision-correcting eyewear, you cannot see better than 20/70 from your best eye.
The field of view you have also plays a part. Tunnel vision, a condition which restricts your view to an area of 20 degrees or fewer, indicates a significant loss of your field of vision, which also falls under this category of vision problems.
What Causes Low Vision?
Several problems can cause this condition. Most often, injuries, diseases, or long-term conditions of the eye can lead to low visual acuity. Some conditions that could lead to significantly lower visual acuity or field of view include the following:
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Macular degeneration
How Does an Optometrist Diagnose Low Vision?
If you already have a progressive eye disease, you should have regular appointments with your eye doctor to keep track of the condition. In such instances, your optometrist may conduct more frequent visual acuity tests to closely monitor your vision.
Should you try eyeglasses and surgery and your vision remains at 20/70 or below, you will receive a diagnosis of low vision. Despite a diagnosis of low vision, you still need good vision care and regular tests to ensure your eyesight does not worsen, and to help you learn to adapt to the condition.
What Is the Treatment for Low Vision?
Treatment for low visual acuity includes helping you to adapt to not being able to see as well as you could before. Magnifiers in both electronic and non-electronic formats can help you to live a more independent lifestyle. When using such magnifiers, you can manage your medication, make meals, use a computer or cell phone, and even enjoy your hobbies.
Contact Lens Exams
Do you wear glasses? Have you thought about ditching your eyewear and trying contact lenses instead? Perhaps you would like to have contact lenses for special occasions so you can alter your appearance. Maybe you’re interested in contact lenses because they are less restrictive when engaging in sports or other strenuous activities. Whatever your reasoning may be, Royal Oak Optical in Calgary offers quality optometry services including the prescribing of contact lenses. Read the following contact lens frequently asked questions to learn more about this great vision correction option.
What happens during A contact lens exam?
When you come to our optometry practice to purchase contact lenses, you will be required to have an examination of your eyes conducted first. This will give our optometrist valuable information about the health of your eyes to determine whether you are a candidate for contact lenses. During this exam, you will also have your prescription strength assessed so the contacts you walk away with provide a crisp and clear vision. A fitting exam is also necessary. This requires you to look into a piece of equipment while one of our optometry staff members sits opposite you. Our staff will measure your irises so your contact lenses are sized correctly. This way the lenses will remain in place after they are inserted.
Are contact lenses hard to care for?
You need to perform a few steps each time you wear your contact lenses to protect your eyes from injuries and to keep your lenses in the best shape possible. It is important that you wash your hands before you handle your lenses. Always use products recommended by our staff to keep your lenses clean. If your contact lenses feel dry inside your eyes, add a few drops of a rewetting solution to alleviate any discomfort. Avoid areas where excessive dust, sand, or other particles are known to fly around in the air. Alternately, wear protective goggles in these areas to protect your lenses and eyes. Never share your lenses and give your eyes a break from contact lens wear every so often.
What is needed to obtain contact lenses?
There are only a few steps necessary to get new contact lenses. You need a valid prescription to ensure your lenses are the right strength and that your eyes are in optimal health. If you have vision insurance, bring along your card so we can reach out to your provider to find out what portion they will pay for your examination and new lenses.
Where should I go for my new lenses?
Well, this is the easiest question of them all. If you live in the Calgary area and you are interested in finding out more about contact lenses and if they are right for you, call us at (403) 218-2020. The staff at Royal Oak Optical will be happy to answer any questions you may have and to set up an appointment for new contacts.
Eye and Vision Exams
On average, we recommend scheduling an appointment once every two years to ensure your eyes are remaining healthy. If you have been diagnosed with an eye condition, however, we recommend scheduling an appointment once or twice a year depending on the severity.
During your appointment, we will review your patient history, visual acuity, perform preliminary tests, and evaluate your eyes’ overall health.
Hard to Fit Contacts
We strive to provide the most comfortable and cost effective contact lens for each and every one of our patients. We begin with a specialized fitting to help determine the ideal match for your specific condition.
Computer Vision Treatment
Computer Vision is a relatively new term within the optometry field and refers to eye problems associated with the prolonged use of computers and electronics that utilize a digital screen. Although it can be temporary, there are times when computer vision can strain the eyes to a degree that permanently affects your vision as well. An existing eye condition can worsen as the eyes try to focus and adjust to a computer screen, and precautions should be taken if you spend long hours in front of a computer screen.
It is important for everyone to take good care of their eyes. There are a variety of eye diseases that someone might contract. All of these have the potential to harm someone's vision. One of the problems that people might experience is called macular degeneration. This is a serious disease that can quickly lead to severe vision impairment if not addressed quickly. For this reason, it is important for everyone to see an eye doctor in Calgary regularly. The helpful team from Royal Oak Optical is here to help everyone better understand this eye condition.
Macular degeneration is a serious eye condition that can cause significant visual impairment. This eye condition is a problem with a specific part of the retina called the macula. The macula is located in the center of the retina and plays an important role in vision. When someone has developed macular degeneration, they lose the ability to see things in the center of their visual field. Chiefly, this impacts someone's ability to see fine details. For example, an individual would not be able to see any fine details at all, regardless of whether that item is in their near visual field or far away. On the other hand, their peripheral vision is typically minimally affected if at all. If someone with macular degeneration were to look at a clock, they might be able to see the numbers on the clock but not the hands.
Who Is At Risk of Developing Macular Degeneration?
There are a number of risk factors that place someone at risk of developing this serious eye condition. One of the main risk factors is age. The older someone is, the more likely they are to develop this condition. Another important risk factor is weight. Those who are overweight or obese are at a greater risk of being diagnosed with this eye condition. In addition, those who smoke are also more likely to be diagnosed with macular degeneration. Finally, genetics also play a role. Those who have family members who have been diagnosed with this condition are more likely to develop it themselves.
Nearsightedness or myopia is one of the biggest vision challenges in the world. It affects people from toddlers into advanced ages. When someone has myopia, it means that they can normally see fine when objects are very near to them, but as they look at things further away, they become blurry. Our staff at Royal Oak Optical in Calgary, AB, can diagnose and help you control your myopia.
Myopia is classified as a refractive error, meaning that the eye does not bend light the way that it should. In many cases, myopia is only mild and can be corrected with a relatively weak prescription for contacts or eyeglasses. If someone has high myopia, however, vision gets more and more blurry starting in childhood and will continue to do so until they are in their 20's. With high myopia, there is an increased chance of other eye problems developing down the road including detached retinas, cataracts, and glaucoma.
When it comes to myopia, childhood is a crucial time, because the level of their refractive error often gets worse if steps are not taken in order to correct it.
There are four options used in optometry to attempt to slow the progression of myopia in kids including
Atropine eye drops
These drops are often used for pain due to inflammation, have also been found to slow the progression of myopia up to three quarters in some children.
Multifocal contact lenses
Multifocal contact lenses are used to help vision at near and far distances; in children, these sometimes can cut myopia progression in half.
Multifocal glasses correct different parts of the vision depending on where a child looks. Overall, kids that wear these glasses, rather than normal single vision glasses have their myopia slowed by up to a third.
Ortho-K is a type of contact lens that is worn overnight to reshape the cornea while a person sleeps in order to provide clear vision during the day without the lenses. In children, the vision correction seems to have more lasting power, reducing myopia progression by nearly half.
Blurry vision is a symptom of many different eye conditions. Here at Royal Oak Optical in Calgary, we treat many people with blurry vision every day. If you are experiencing this issue, you may find yourself wondering what may be causing it, why you should see an optometry service for it and how an optometrist can help to treat it. Here are a few of the answers to the questions you may have if you are experiencing blurry vision.
What Eye Conditions Can Cause Blurry Vision?
Blurry vision is when you look at something and it looks out of focus, milky, or hazy. Blurry vision is most commonly caused by refractive errors in your eye or eyes, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. These conditions can be corrected by wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses. However, blurry vision can also be caused by more serious issues, including eye disease, cataracts or even neurological conditions.
Why Should You See an Optometrist If You Have Blurry Vision?
If you are experiencing blurry vision, it is important to have your eyes examined by an optometrist quickly. As was mentioned above, blurry vision may be a symptom of more serious eye conditions, such as eye disease. Unfortunately, some eye conditions and diseases cannot be cured; they can only be managed. Getting treatment early on can help slow the onset of problems or symptoms of the disease. If your blurry vision is not caused by something serious, it is still important to be seen. Blurriness can cause you to strain, which can lead to headaches and further worsen your eyesight.
How Can Optometry Services Help Your Blurry Vision?
Optometry services can help with your blurry vision by determining what is causing the issues with your eyes and putting together a treatment plan that helps to correct the problem and improve the blurriness you see. This can help you to see clearly once again and decrease further strain to your eyes.
Sunglasses are designed to protect your eyes from sunlight, but some kinds protect your eyes better than others. Though tinted lenses are better than nothing, you should look for lenses that also block ultraviolet light.
There are many types of sunglasses available in a wide range of prices. There are plenty of affordable sunglasses that will protect your eyes.
An important step in caring for your eye health is protecting yourself against harmful ultraviolet rays of light. These are emitted by the sun and can cause a variety of eye troubles. If you are suffering from vision problems resulting from UV light exposure, contact Royal Oak Optical to meet with our Calgary optometrist. Here is some information about UV protection including how our eye doctor can help you with eye care and sunglasses selection.
What Ultraviolet Light Does to the Eyes
Ultraviolet radiation emitted from the sun can cause eye damage. This includes the possibility of macular degeneration, cataracts, or temporary loss of vision. People who have a reduced amount of vitamin C in their blood plasma have a high risk of damaging their retinas from ultraviolet radiation.
How You Can Protect Yourself from Harm
The best way to protect yourself is to avoid looking into direct sunlight. If you must spend time outdoors, covering your eyes with a pair of sunglasses will help. Sunglasses provide complete coverage, including along the sides of your head, for the best protection. Wraparound models are constructed for protection against ultraviolet rays, offering you the peace of mind that your eyes are kept away from harmful rays when you head outdoors.
What Our Eye Doctor Can Do to Help
Our eye doctor will help you select a pair of sunglasses to protect your eyes from exposure to UV radiation. It is especially important for children and those who engage in sporting activities to have adequate protection. UV radiation can still be emitted in shaded areas and during the winter months, therefore wearing sunglasses at all times while outside will keep your eyes safe.